London Tower, known as Tower of London, is located on the north bank of River Thames.
Tower of London was first built in 1078 by William the Conqueror, the first Norman king of England. It is one of the most visited and well preserved historical buildings in the world. This Tower is a historic fortress and scheduled monument in central London, England.
It has been used as a royal residence, an armoury, a mint, a menagerie, an observatory and a safe-deposit box for the Crown Jewels.
The Tower is actually a compound of structures built through the ages for varying purposes, mostly as expressions of royal power. Some of them are The White Tower, The Bloody Tower, St.John's Chapel, St.Thomas Tower, Bell Towers etc.Above all, it was a prison for important captives. Many were executed here. Every stone of the Tower tells a story.
London Tower remained a royal residence until the 16th century and was also a notorious prison where key historical figures, such as Anne Boleyn, Catherine Howard,(wives of Henry VIII), Sir Walter Raleigh, the two Royal Princes (Edward V and Richard Duke of York) and King Henry VI, lost their lives.
You can also see the royal herd of ravens - the brilliant large black birds that have lived in the Tower for centuries.
One-hour guided tours of the entire compound are given by the Yeoman Warders, also called as Beefeaters. For the past 400 years, they have been giving guided tours at the Tower of London.
The most famous tourist attraction in the Tower of London is the collection of Crown Jewels that has been on display here since the 17th century, during the reign of Charles II. The Crown Jewels have been kept in the Tower since 1303.
It is now one of the most famous structures in the world and hosts a range of exhibitions and re-enactments which celebrate and represent some of the most spectacular aspects of its gory and glorious past.
There is plenty more to see in the Tower of London. Royal Armories of King Henry VIII, one of the world's largest collection, are among them. On the floor atop is the oldest church, Chapel Royal of St John and weapons in display. The topmost floor was where originally used to be a torture chamber presently a display of royal coins and old photographs!
Like many other places, photography is not allowed inside.
The London Tower is included under UNESCO's World Heritage Site.
For more information please visit http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerofLondon/
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